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76772
ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
Antibody Conjugates
Monoclonal Antibody

ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #76772

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Immunofluorescence Image 1: ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of Hep G2 cells (left, positive) and HCT 116 cells (right, negative) using ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (green), DyLight 650 Phalloidin #12956 (red), and DAPI #4083 (blue).
To Purchase # 76772
Cat. # Size Qty. Price Inventory
76772S
100 µl  (50 tests)

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa)
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • C&R-CUT&RUN
  • C&T-CUT&Tag
  • DB-Dot Blot
  • eCLIP-eCLIP
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 488 fluorescent dye under optimal conditions and tested in-house for direct immunofluorescent analysis in human cells. This antibody conjugate is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb #13366.

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry) 1:50 - 1:200

Storage

Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide, and 2 mg/mL BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Protocol

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Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (9808) To prepare 1L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix. Adjust pH to 8.0.
  2. Formaldehyde: 16%, methanol free, Polysciences, Inc. (cat# 18814), use fresh and store opened vials at 4°C in dark, dilute in 1X PBS for use.
  3. Blocking Buffer (1X PBS / 5% normal goat serum (#5425) / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml: add 0.5 ml normal goat serum and 0.5 ml 20X PBS to 9.0 ml dH2O, mix. While stirring, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100.
  4. Antibody Dilution Buffer: (1X PBS / 1% BSA / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml 1X PBS. Mix well then add 0.1 g BSA (#9998), mix.
  5. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).

B. Specimen Preparation - Cultured Cell Lines (IF-IC)

NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multi-well plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.

  1. Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde diluted in 1X PBS.

    NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in a fume hood.

  2. Allow cells to fix for 15 min at room temperature.
  3. Aspirate fixative, rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  4. Proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.

  1. Block specimen in Blocking Buffer for 60 min.
  2. While blocking, prepare primary antibody by diluting as indicated on product webpage in Antibody Dilution Buffer.
  3. Aspirate blocking solution, apply diluted primary antibody.
  4. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  5. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  6. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent (#9071) or Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).
  7. For best results, allow mountant to cure overnight at room temperature. For long-term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

posted November 2006

revised November 2013

Protocol Id: 182

Specificity / Sensitivity

ApoE (pan) (D7I9N) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total ApoE protein. This antibody also recognizes overexpressed ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4 proteins.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Pro285 of human ApoE protein.

Background

Apolipoproteins are plasma lipoproteins that function as transporters of lipids and cholesterol in the circulatory system. Chylomicrons are a fundamental class of apolipoproteins containing very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (1,2).
Human ApoE has three isoforms: ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4. These three isoforms differ in the combination of cysteine and arginine residues located at positions 130 and 176. The ApoE4 isoform contains arginine at both locations. Research studies have linked ApoE4 function to neuronal plasticity, synaptogenesis, and neurodegenerative diseases (3). ApoE4 is produced in the liver and brain, although it is widely expressed in other tissues, such as the lung, spleen, and ovary. Investigators have established the ApoE4 allele as a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), accounting for 50-60% of the genetic variation in the disease (4). Research studies indicate that patients expressing ApoE4 have a reduced capacity for synaptic plasticity, an earlier age of onset of AD, and an increase in amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition. The increase in Aβ suggests a role for ApoE4 in the impairment of amyloid clearance (5).
  1. Kwiterovich, P.O. (2000) Am J Cardiol 86, 5L-10L.
  2. Hussain, M.M. (2000) Atherosclerosis 148, 1-15.
  3. Raber, J. et al. Neurobiol Aging 25, 641-50.
  4. Corder, E.H. et al. (1993) Science 261, 921-3.
  5. Holtzman, D.M. et al. (2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 2892-7.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

使用に関する制限

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Visit cellsignal.com/trademarks for more information.
DyLight is a trademark of Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
This product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. The transfer of this product is conditioned on the buyer using the purchased product solely in research conducted by the buyer, excluding contract research or any fee for service research, and the buyer must not (1) use this product or its components for (a) diagnostic, therapeutic or prophylactic purposes; (b) testing, analysis or screening services, or information in return for compensation on a per-test basis; or (c) manufacturing or quality assurance or quality control, and/or (2) sell or transfer this product or its components for resale, whether or not resold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than as described above, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or [email protected]